Innovations, Studies, and Discoveries in Healthcare in 2024

Innovations, Studies, and Discoveries in Healthcare in 2024

What are the Top Clinical Studies to Follow in 2024?

2024 is poised to be a good year for the medical industry. Over time, there have been many challenges regarding the conduct of clinical studies, especially in the past two years. Finding a vaccine for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was the primary goal for specialists in 2023, but the results did not meet the desired outcomes. The Phase III trial of the Janssen vaccine failed. The only viable solution remained prevention, at least in 2023. For the new year, there are numerous prospects for advancements in both treatments and the detection of serious conditions.

There are many ongoing studies whose results represent not only scientific endeavors but also easy methods to enhance overall health. Stay tuned to discover seven of the most popular investigations.

Top 7 Clinical Studies to follow in 2024

Aside from saving lives, medical specialists work tirelessly in laboratories to find solutions to the most severe conditions. It’s a constant battle involving time, attention to detail, and especially the necessary resources in terms of equipment. Here are just seven of the most popular innovations that could change the course of medicine in 2024:

1. Identifying lung cancer with the help of artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence is increasingly being utilized to streamline work across many sectors. In the medical industry, it could be used to diagnose lung cancer, potentially reducing investigation time by up to 50%. What exactly does integrating a digital solution entail? In addition to the physician’s evaluation, an AI analysis will be conducted, which can closely examine the performed chest X-ray. However, thorough study is needed to achieve tangible results. A team from the United Kingdom is already addressing the issue of identifying lung cancer.

The study involves 150,000 patients over the age of 18 who have been recommended a chest X-ray by their family physician. Regarding cancer, the Skyscraper-01 study is a breakthrough in the field. The primary objective of the investigation is TIGIT, a protein recognized for its effects on the development and spread of cancer. Many believe it can extend the life of cancer patients. However, conclusions regarding the efficacy of TIGIT-based medications have not yet been disclosed.

2. Tuberculosis vaccine could be essential in treating HIV

Over time, it has been demonstrated that those infected with HIV are more susceptible to tuberculosis. Efforts are thus underway to develop a vaccine that can be administered to both seropositive and seronegative individuals. Obviously, perhaps the most significant issue with HIV infection is the lack of a preventive solution that eliminates the possibility of disease development. Tests have been conducted, but the latency of the virus has led to failures in achieving long-term prospects.

Hopes still exist, even though Phase III of the Janssen vaccine could not continue. For example, the Phase III Mosiaco study has concluded, but there are currently only early stages in the fight against the human immunodeficiency virus. Nearly 40 years have passed, but experts are not giving up – finding a cure remains the primary goal they set for themselves.

3. Work is underway on a medication for depression

Johnson & Johnson has already announced that it is conducting studies to obtain a solution for depressive disorder. The medication is called aticaprant and is still in the testing phase. However, its effects on k-opioid receptors are evident.

In practice, administration can reduce stress, fatigue, and mental exhaustion. Experts also say it can regulate mood. Once launched on the market, the drug is estimated to generate billions of euros in sales. It’s not just the opinion of Johnson & Johnson – there are others working on integrating such a remedy into their product range, such as Neumora or AbbVie.

For those who have been struggling with depression for some time, the announcement comes as a promise, especially since there are currently too few alternatives. Market availability is expected for June 2024, which means that further checks will be carried out until then.

4. Gene therapy for Duchenne muscular dystrophy is expected

It’s not exactly an innovation because the treatment has already appeared in 2023. Sarepta Therapeutics brought a solution to the market, but without general application. Elevidys gene therapy is only addressed to young children, and its efficiency rate has not yet been demonstrated. That’s why Pfizer has decided to conduct an extensive investigation, targeting a large sample, including various age groups.

CEO Albert Bourla said they are in an advanced stage of the study, but cannot yet announce their findings. It is not known exactly in which month of 2024 the conclusions will appear, but it is certain that Pfizer promises a much safer treatment against muscular dystrophy. Thorough evaluations are related to the safety of therapy administration, as well as possible long-term risks – hence the delay in communicating a result.

5. Administration of stem cells for Parkinson’s patients

There is no doubt that Parkinson’s neurodegenerative disease has serious consequences on the functioning of the nervous system. Many patients are diagnosed too late, only prolonging the agony of those suffering. According to a statistic from the Parkinson’s Disease Fight Association in 2020, there are approximately 72,000 targeted patients in Romania.

However, the STEM-PD study aims to change the trajectory of administered treatments. The main objective is to identify individuals in the early stage who will receive embryonic stem cells transferred to the brain. It is the first initiative to consider administering stem cells to Parkinson’s patients, opening up new discoveries. The first doses have already been provided in February 2023, and the results are expected by the end of 2024.

6. Vaccine against influenza, as well as other COVID-19 variants

The danger caused by COVID-19 is not entirely eliminated, no matter how much vaccinated patients may wish to believe. Influenza is a new challenge for major pharma companies. Moderna is among the most interested in the evolution of symptoms and, consequently, finding a favorable treatment. In Romania, cases of measles have increased considerably, as have cases of influenza.

In a single day, 300 infected individuals may come to the hospital, raising inevitable questions about a new epidemic. There are already dozens of cases, and hospitals seem to be overwhelmed. The effectiveness of an influenza vaccine ranges from 40% to 60%. That’s why Moderna is taking the reins of a more complex research effort. The first results are expected sometime in the early months of 2024.

7. Patient triage through artificial intelligence

Technological advancement is ready to support medicine even in patient triage. So far, no methods have been discovered to increase productivity and accurately determine the risk faced by patients arriving in the emergency room. The clinical risk scores currently used have proven to be very ineffective.

Therefore, RISKINDEX has been developed – an evaluation based on artificial intelligence. What exactly does the new score do? It checks the possibility of death within 31 days of accessing medical services, significantly improving triage. Although it has already been implemented in four hospitals, the study has not yet been validated. However, experts anticipate that integrating technology for identifying the health status of patients will bring numerous benefits. Human errors are eliminated from the start, as is the time wasted in detecting conditions.


The year 2024 brings many promises in the medical field. Specialists are working hard to provide the industry with a chance to enhance the fight against conditions with serious effects on the balance of the whole body. Many pharmaceutical companies are investing colossal sums to support studies and obtain the most relevant results. Perhaps the most prolific investigations remain those against HIV, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, and depression. However, conclusions are expected for the end or middle of 2024. In the case of HIV, developing a vaccine is by far the most challenging endeavor, but experts are willing to allocate all necessary resources. It is certain that artificial intelligence supports many of the most important innovations, which is a real help for physicians.

Stay updated on new medical discoveries and enjoy the best treatments!

Facebook Comments Box
About the author

MEDIjobs redaction

What is your career goal?

3 questions left

Where would you like to work?

2 more questions

What are you looking for in your next job?

one more question left

I have years of experience
and would like my next role to be .

What other career goals do you have?

last question


Join the fastest growing digital community for healthcare professionals in NYC!
Sign up to get relevant job offers and career advice straight to your inbox!
Previous step
Facebook Comment